Advertisement

Depression and Mood Indicators in Newly Diagnosed Glaucoma Patients

      Purpose

      To assess depression and mood indicators in subjects newly diagnosed with chronic open-angle glaucoma.

      Design

      Cross-sectional study of data from a randomized clinical trial.

      Methods

      Newly-diagnosed glaucoma patients enrolled in the Collaborative Initial Glaucoma Treatment Study (CIGTS) responded at baseline to quality-of-life (QOL) telephone interviews. We studied responses to the 33-item Visual Activities Questionnaire (VAQ), six items from a disease-specific Health Perceptions Index (HPI), and eight questions from the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). We correlated the responses to the HPI and the CES-D with visual acuity (VA) and CIGTS visual field (VF) as well as to the responses to the VAQ.

      Results

      VAQ score was correlated (P < .01 in all cases) with better VA (P = −0.181), better VF (P = 0.139), worse VA (P = −0.128), and worse VF (P = .120). There were also correlations (P ranging from .24 to .38, all P values ≤ .001) between patients’ perception of their vision (total VAQ score) and each item on the HPI and CES-D. None of the clinical vision measures were associated with any of the CES-D items. The strongest correlation between a clinical measure and an item from the HPI was between worse VF and worry about the possibility of blindness (P = −0.114, P = .005). The odds ratio of reporting mood indicators and symptoms of depression increased with patients’ perceptions of worsening visual function but not worsening VA or VF.

      Conclusions

      In these newly diagnosed glaucoma patients, symptoms of depression and altered mood were related to worse self-reported visual function as assessed by the VAQ, but not to monocular clinical measures of visual function.
      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to American Journal of Ophthalmology
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      References

        • Casten R.J.
        • Rovner B.W.
        • Tasman W.
        Age-related macular degeneration and depression: a review of recent research.
        Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2004; 15: 181-183
        • Rovner B.W.
        • Casten R.J.
        • Tasman W.S.
        Effect of depression on vision function in age-related macular degeneration.
        Arch Ophthalmol. 2002; 120: 1041-1044
        • Brody B.L.
        • Gamst A.C.
        • Williams R.A.
        • et al.
        Depression, visual acuity, comorbidity, and disability associated with age-related macular degeneration.
        Ophthalmology. 2001; 108: 1893-1900
        • Wilson M.R.
        • Coleman A.L.
        • Yu F.
        • Fong Sasaki I.
        • Bing E.G.
        • Kim M.H.
        Depression in patients with glaucoma as measured by self-report surveys.
        Ophthalmology. 2002; 109: 1018-1022
        • Musch D.C.
        • Lichter P.R.
        • Guire K.E.
        • Standardi C.L.
        The collaborative initial glaucoma treatment study: study design, methods, and baseline characteristics of enrolled patients.
        Ophthalmology. 1999; 106: 653-662
        • Janz N.K.
        • Wren P.A.
        • Lichter P.R.
        • Musch D.C.
        • Gillespie B.W.
        • Guire K.E.
        Quality of life in newly diagnosed glaucoma patients: the Collaborative Initial Glaucoma Treatment Study.
        Ophthalmology. 2001; 108: 887-897
      1. Sloane ME, Ball K, Owsley C, et al. The visual activities questionnaire: developing an instrument for assessing problems in everyday visual tasks. Noninvasive Assessment of the Visual System 1992 Technical Digest Series. Volume 1. Optical Society of America, p. 26–29.

      2. The Advanced Glaucoma Intervention Study (AGIS): 1. study design, methods, and baseline characteristics of study patients.
        Control Clin Trials. 1994; 15: 299-325
        • Paz S.H.
        • Globe D.R.
        • Wu J.
        • Azen S.P.
        • Varma R.
        • Los Angeles Latino Eye Study
        Relationship between self-reported depression and self-reported visual function in Latinos.
        Arch Ophthalmol. 2003; 121: 1021-1027
        • Globe D.R.
        • Wu J.
        • Azen S.P.
        • Varma R.
        • Los Angeles Latino Eye Study Group
        The impact of visual impairment on self-reported visual functioning in Latinos: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study.
        Ophthalmology. 2004; 111: 1141-1149
        • Nelson-Quigg J.M.
        • Cello K.
        • Johnson C.A.
        Predicting binocular visual field sensitivity from monocular visual field results.
        Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2000; 41: 2212-2221

      Biography

      Henry D. Jampel, MD, MHS, is the Odd Fellows and Rebekahs Professor of Ophthalmology at the Wilmer Eye Institute of the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland. He is the Associate Editor-in-Chief of Ophthalmology, serves on the Glaucoma Preferred Practice Pattern committee of the American Academy of Ophthalmology, and is Co-Director of the Glaucoma Subspecialty Day 2007 at the Annual Meeting of the Academy.