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Visual and Clinical Outcome of Macular Edema Complicating Pediatric Noninfectious Uveitis

Published:February 14, 2019DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajo.2019.02.011

      Purpose

      To investigate the clinical course and visual outcome of macular edema (ME) in pediatric patients with chronic noninfectious uveitis.

      Design

      Retrospective case series.

      Methods

      The databases of the uveitis clinics of 4 tertiary medical centers in Israel and the UK were searched for all children treated for uveitic ME in the years 2005–2015. Data were collected from the medical records as follows: demographics, diagnosis, visual acuity, clinical and imaging findings, and treatment given specifically for ME. Findings at baseline and at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months were evaluated.

      Results

      The cohort included 25 children (33 eyes) of mean age 8.5 ± 3.4 years. The most common diagnosis was intermediate uveitis, in 14 children (7 idiopathic, 7 pars planitis). Uveitis was active at ME diagnosis in 28 eyes (84.8%). Median duration of follow-up was 48 months. Median time to resolution of ME was 6 months, with complete resolution in 25 eyes (75.8%) by 24 months. Baseline visual acuity was ≥20/40 in 8 eyes (24.2%), increased to 57.6% at 3 months (P < .0001), and remained stable thereafter. Treatment regimens included corticosteroids (systemically and/or locally), immunosuppression, and biologic therapies. No correlation was found between outcome and either structural characteristics of ME or specific treatment strategy.

      Conclusions

      The prognosis of pediatric uveitic ME is favorable despite its chronic course. Larger randomized controlled trials are needed to define differences among treatment regimens.
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