AJO 100th Anniversary
The AJO lays claim to being both the first and the longest continuously published ophthalmology journal based outside of Europe. But what we currently refer to as the AJO—colloquially named the "yellow journal" because of its characteristic color in print—is actually the third iteration of the AJO. The first AJO, published briefly between 1862 and 1864 by Dr Julius Homberger, was the first medical specialty journal originating in the western hemisphere. Dr Adolf Alt from St. Louis headed the second run of the AJO (J.H. Chalmers & Co, Publishers) in 1884. In 1918 the modern AJO was created by Dr Edward Jackson of Denver through a consolidation of Alt's AJO with the Annals of Ophthalmology, the Ophthalmic Record, the Ophthalmic Year Book and Literature, Ophthalmology, and the Annals de Oftalmologica. The resultant AJO has since been published continuously. The AJO was a privately owned journal throughout much of its history, but it was acquired by Elsevier Publishing in 1998 from the Ophthalmic Publishing Company (incorporated in 1918), whose members included Drs Edward Norton, Bruce Spivey, Bradley Straatsma, Edward Maumenee, and David Shoch. The history of the AJO through 1965 was beautifully told by its treasurer, William A. Mann, in 1966 with "History of the American Journal of Ophthalmology." The AJO’s history from 1965 through 2018 is chronicled in "History of the American Journal of Ophthalmology: A 100th Anniversary Update."
100th Anniversary Celebration Article Collection
In celebration of the first 100 years of the Journal, past and present Board members and professional luminaries were asked to write editorials and perspectives on the past, present, and future of their fields. Additionally, previously published articles hailed as landmark studies were chosen for reprint, along with historical vignettes and original advertisements from decades past. This colorful collection of research and opinions is presented below.
The AJO has reliably disseminated important ophthalmologic information to physicians throughout the United States and the world for 100 years. During this period, the AJO has both changed with the times and proven itself innovative in shaping the ophthalmic literature. The work of its Editors-in-Chief and Editorial Board has solidified the AJO's position among important peer-review subspecialty journals and promises to continue this tradition long into the future.
The Journal's Editors
In honor of the American Journal of Ophthalmology’s Centennial anniversary, the Editorial Board recognizes the services of the past and current Editors:
|G. Adolf Alt||1884-1918|
|Edward L. Jackson||1918-1927|
|William H. Crisp||1928-1930|
|Lawrence T. Post||1930-1940|
|Derrick T. Vail||1941-1965|
|Frank W. Newell||1965-1993|
|Michael A. Kass||1993|
|Bradley R. Straatsma||1993-2002|
|Thomas J. Liesegang||2002-2015|
|Richard K. Parrish II||2016-present|
*Text under Journal Launch and Future are selections from "History of the American Journal of Ophthalmology: A 100th Anniversary Update" by Stewart, Duncan Powers, and Parrish, 2018.